COVID-19 and Psychological Complications Among University Students in Islamabad: A Cross-sectional Survey

COVID-19 & Psychological Complications


  • Ejaz Hussain Shaheed Zulifqar Ali Bhutto Medical University Islamabad
  • Maria Zafar Yusra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Duaa Afzal Ginnastic Physiotherapy
  • Kiran Haq Rawal Institute of Health Sciences
  • Muhammad Qasim Ali Yusra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Somiya Asif Margalla Institute of Health Sciences



COVID-19, Psychological, quarantine, students


Background: Due to quarantine, mental health problems particularly depression and anxiety worsen in the general population. The psychological impact of COVID-19 on university students is more due to exaggerated stress levels and anxiety-related evidence as a result of transformed delivery and doubtfulness of university education, technological concerns of online courses of instruction, being far away from home, social separation and financial losses. Objective: To determine the post-COVID-19 psychological complications among university students in Islamabad. Methods: The study was carried out in various educational universities in Islamabad from March to August 2021. A questionnaire was distributed to obtain data about demographic characteristics and psychological complications during quarantine periods after the Covid-19 outbreak in Pakistan. The questionnaire used to collect data was DASS 21 questionnaire. The association between quarantine due to COVID-19 and students' psychological health was estimated through SPSS 23 analysis procedure with a p-value<0.001 Results: The study was completed by participation of 219 individuals, 54(24.7%) females and 165(75.3%) males. All students with age between 18-30 years who completed the questionnaire both physically and online. The results of the cross-sectional study showed that depression p-value=0.30, anxiety p=0.03 and stress p=0.01. Conclusion: The incidence of post-COVID-19 quarantine psychological complications was quite high among university students of Islamabad due to home-based and administrative quarantine during lockdown measures for conserving their physical and mental health and daily life activities. The current study concludes that stress, anxiety and depression were quite common in students of universities due to quarantine.


Liu, S., et al., Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2020. 7(4): p. e17-e18.

Guan, W.-j., et al., Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. New England journal of medicine, 2020. 382(18): p. 1708-1720.

Grubic, N., S. Badovinac, and A.M. Johri, Student mental health in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic: A call for further research and immediate solutions. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 2020. 66(5): p. 517-518.

Sankhi, S. and N.R. Marasine, Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of the general population, students, and health care workers. Europasian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2020. 2: p. 64-72.

Mittal, R., L. Su, and R. Jain, COVID-19 mental health consequences on medical students worldwide. Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives, 2021. 11(3): p. 296-298.

Scruggs, T.E., M.A. Mastropieri, and G. Casto, The quantitative synthesis of single-subject research: Methodology and validation. Remedial and Special education, 1987. 8(2): p. 24-33.

Henssler, J., et al., Mental health effects of infection containment strategies: quarantine and isolation—a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2021. 271(2): p. 223-234.

Nathiya, D., et al., Mental health problems and impact on youth minds during the COVID-19 outbreak: Cross-sectional (RED-COVID) survey. Social Health and Behavior, 2020. 3(3): p. 83.

Aqeel, M., et al., The influence of illness perception, anxiety and depression disorders on students mental health during COVID-19 outbreak in Pakistan: a web-based cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 2021.

Yuki, K., M. Fujiogi, and S. Koutsogiannaki, COVID-19 pathophysiology: A review. Clinical immunology, 2020. 215: p. 108427.

Mukhtar, S., Mental health and psychosocial aspects of coronavirus outbreak in Pakistan: psychological intervention for public mental health crisis. Asian journal of psychiatry, 2020. 51: p. 102069.

Saurabh, K. and S. Ranjan, Compliance and psychological impact of quarantine in children and adolescents due to Covid-19 pandemic. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 2020. 87(7): p. 532-536.

Daniel, S.J., Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects, 2020. 49(1): p. 91-96.

Shaikh, B., et al., Students, stress and coping strategies: a case of Pakistani medical school. Education for Health: Change in Learning & Practice, 2004. 17(3).

Hayat, K., et al., Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on mental health status and associated factors among general population: a cross-sectional study from Pakistan. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 2022. 27(1): p. 54-68.




How to Cite

Hussain, E., Zafar, M., Afzal, D., Haq, K., Qasim Ali, M., & Asif, S. (2023). COVID-19 and Psychological Complications Among University Students in Islamabad: A Cross-sectional Survey: COVID-19 & Psychological Complications. The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, 2(4), 287–292.