Prevalence of Neck Pain and Awareness of Ergonomics among Microscope Users
Prevalence of Neck Pain in Microscope Users
Keywords:ergonomics, neck pain, occupational injury, work-related musculoskeletal disorder
Background: Working with microscopes requires accuracy and the capacity for sustained concentration. Users of microscopes in this profession frequently need to maintain a static work position, which puts strain on the musculoskeletal system. Since pathologists frequently combine using a magnifying glass and a computer, in addition to the strain on the musculoskeletal system, magnifying lens work can cause eye strain, which is consequently known as strong strain. This can indicate an additional musculoskeletal risk. Arm, neck, and shoulder complaints cover a wide range of grievances with varying degrees of seriousness. Objective: The objective was to discover whether neck pain was common and whether microscope users were aware of ergonomics. Methods: 161 participants took part in this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, which was executed in Lahore from February to July 2019. The participants including both men and women aged 25 to 55 were included following their signed informed consent. The study excluded those with any neck pathology, recent trauma, or surgery. Using SPSS 22.0, data analysis was carried out. The mean and standard deviation for quantitative variables were computed. Frequency and percentages were determined for qualitative variables. Results: Out of 161 survey participants, 150 (93.2%) were discovered to have musculoskeletal disorder, primarily affecting the neck region, 83 (51.6%), and only a few 53 (32.9%) were found to be aware of workplace ergonomics. Conclusion: There was a significant amount of neck pain between microscope users. Additionally, it was found that professionals generally have very little awareness of workplace ergonomics and sitting positions.
Jain G, Shetty PJIjoom, health e. Occupational concerns associated with regular use of microscope. 2014; 27(4): 591-8. https://doi.org/10.2478/s13382-014-0288-2
Hedge A. Ergonomic workplace design for health, wellness, and productivity: CRC Press; 2016. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315374000
GuptA AA, Mhaske SA, AhMAD MA, et al. Ergonomic microscope: need of the hour. 2015; 9(5): ZC62. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/11742.5952
Lin K-H, Su C-C, Chen Y-Y, Chu P-CJIjoer, health p. The effects of lighting problems on eye symptoms among cleanroom microscope workers. 2019; 16(1): 101. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010101
Sirisawasd S, Taptagaporn S, Boonshuyar C, Earde PJJoHR. Interventions commonly used to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers. 2018; 32(5): 371-83. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHR-08-2018-044
Kadivar M, Kabir-Mokamelkhah E, Habibi-Shams ZJIJoP. Work-related Hazards Among Pathologists and Residents of Pathology: Results of a Cross-sectional Study in Iran. 2021; 16(3): 274. doi: 10.30699/IJP.2021.132380.2473
Roudi E, Zakerian SAJIJoOH. Evaluating the Microscope Users Occupational Health Status Considering Musculoskeletal Disorders and Visual Fatigue at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2019; 11(4): 259-70. https://ijoh.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijoh/article/view/407
Fritzsche FR, Ramach C, Soldini D, et al. Occupational health risks of pathologists-results from a nationwide online questionnaire in Switzerland. 2012; 12(1): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-1054
Agrawal PR, Maiya AG, Kamath V, Kamath AJIJRMS. Work related musculoskeletal disorders among medical laboratory professionals: a narrative review. 2014; 2(4): 1262-6. DOI: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20141105
Yasobant S, Rajkumar PJIJoM, Health P. Health of the healthcare professionals: A risk assessment study on work-related musculoskeletal disorders in a tertiary hospital, Chennai, India. 2015; 5(2). DOI:10.4103/2230-8598.153836
Cohen SP. Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of neck pain. Mayo Clinic Proceedings; 2015: Elsevier; 2015. p. 284-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.09.008
Popescu A, Lee HJMC. Neck pain and lower back pain. 2020; 104(2): 279-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2019.11.003
Sakai K, Yoshii T, Hirai T, Arai Y, Shinomiya K, Okawa AJESJ. Impact of the surgical treatment for degenerative cervical myelopathy on the preoperative cervical sagittal balance: a review of prospective comparative cohort between anterior decompression with fusion and laminoplasty. 2017; 26(1): 104-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-016-4717-8
Di Antonio S, Arendt-Nielsen L, Ponzano M, et al. Cervical musculoskeletal impairments in the 4 phases of the migraine cycle in episodic migraine patients. 2022: 03331024221082506. https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102422108250
Ghamkhar L, Kahlaee AHJBjopt. Is forward head posture relevant to cervical muscles performance and neck pain? A case–control study. 2019; 23(4): 346-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.08.007
Meisha DE, Alsharqawi NS, Samarah AA, Al-Ghamdi MYJC, Cosmetic, Dentistry I. Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic practice among dentists in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 2019; 11: 171. doi: 10.2147/CCIDE.S204433
Yaduvanshi P, Kholiya K, Chauhan M, Kawat P, Nagar A, Joshi N. Screening of Forward Head Posture And Its Impact On The Activity of Daily Living Among Collegiate Adults of Career Point University. 2022. http://cpijr.com/vol-2/paper-2.pdf.
Kim K-h, Ko Y-h, Yoon T-lJPTK. The Effects of Head Support on Muscle Activity and Pain in a Forward-leaning Posture. 2020; 27(4): 264-71. https://doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2020.27.4.264
Sun T. A study of spine and upper limb kinematics in using smartphone among young adults with and without neck-shoulder pain. 2021. https://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/11857
Sharma S, Jayraman G, Kumar Sjjoc, Research D. Prevalence of Functional Disability Due to Neck Pain and Back Pain among Microscope Users of Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab, India. 2019; 13(10).
El Khatib A, Abbas R, Ragab H, Ahmed Ktjbj-H, Wellbeing. Evaluation of the risk of developing workrelatedmusculoskeletal disorders in preclinicaland clinical dental students. 2018; 1(3): 55. https://digitalcommons.bau.edu.lb/hwbjournal/vol1/iss3/55
Lowe BD, Dempsey PG, Jones EMJAe. Ergonomics assessment methods used by ergonomics professionals. 2019; 81: 102882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102882
Oladeinde B, Ekejindu I, Omoregie R, Aguh OJAom, research hs. Awareness and knowledge of ergonomics among Medical Laboratory Scientists in Nigeria. 2015; 5(6): 423-7. DOI: 10.4103/2141-9248.177989
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.